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Clinical Endocrinology is a branch of medicine dedicated to the diagnosis, treatment and research into diseases of the endocrine glands, which secrete hormones into the blood stream. Diabetes, osteoporosis and thyroid diseases currently represent the majority of patients treated by endocrinologists who treat adult patients.
The remaining patients represent a wide variety of diseases resulting from over-function or under-function of endocrine glands including the hypothalamus and pituitary, adrenals, gonads and the parathyroid glands.
However, recent advances in the understanding of how the body works have shown that the functions of the heart, blood vessels, adipose tissue (fat) and brain are also controlled by local or systemic hormones. For example, disorders of growth and ageing, heart failure and some cancers are now recognised as involving significant endocrine components.
Clinical endocrinology, compared with other branches of medicine, is distinguished by the ability to diagnose a disorder by specific blood and urine tests and sensitive imaging techniques. Likewise, the effects of treatment can be assessed accurately using sensitive laboratory techniques which reflect advances in genetics and molecular biology.
The Endocrinology Unit is committed to providing expert diagnosis and management of endocrine disorders and performing the highest standard of research in both clinical and basic endocrinology.