In this Section:
Abstracts are to be prepared as a single page pdf document, using 12pt Arial as the font. No editing will occur so use of a spell checker is recommended to eliminate typing errors. See link below
Authors names; use Arial 12 point bold following the Vancouver style, underline presenting author
Title of Abstract; use Arial 12point bold
Affiliations; use Arial 12 point italics.
Text; Arial 12 point, use headings Aim, Methods, Results etc
Abstracts should be 300 words, using the above mentioned fonts
Particular care is needed to select required symbols and or super/subscripts.
Tables and figures can be included, within the size constraints.
Results are required
Guidelines for preparation of Abstracts
The abstract should begin with a clear statement of the aim, with a sentence on the background if necessary, providing a basic introduction to the field comprehensible to a scientist in any discipline.
Methodology must be stated briefly.
Quantitative and/or qualitative data should be presented concisely, with brief statistical analyses where appropriate. Use two or three sentences to explain what the main result reveals in direct comparison to what was thought to be the case previously or how the main result adds to previous knowledge. One or two sentences to put the results into a more general context
Conclusion should be stated clearly and justified.
Speculation should not be included.
All abstracts are reviewed by at least two reviewers who have no conflict of interest.
Reviewers are instructed to score the abstracts using the following scale
- Originality/innovation: (0 to 3)
- Scientific quality: is the process scientifically rigorous? (0 to 4)
- Significance: what are the implications of the outcomes? (0 to 3)
No reviewers reports will be available.