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"Unless commitment is made, there are only promises and hopes, but no plans"
Peter Drucker


NSQHS Standards – 2nd edition

The second edition of the NSQHS Standards addresses gaps identified in the first edition, including mental health and cognitive impairment, health literacy, end-of-life care, and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health. It also updates the evidence for actions, consolidates and streamlines standards and actions to make them clearer and easier to implement. Health service organisations will be assessed to the second edition of the NSQHS Standards from January 2019.

Source: Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care 2017


Acute coronary syndrome: 12 year follow-up

Researchers reviewed 721 patients with a discharge diagnosis of an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) who were enrolled in the first New Zealand ACS audit group cohort in 2002. Over a median follow-up of 12.7 years, overall mortality was 52%. The authors note the high mortality rate "is a stark reminder of the prognostic implications of a presentation with an ACS".

Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation 2017; online first 7 November 


Virtual reality – stroke rehabilitation

An updated Cochrane Review concludes that the use of virtual reality and interactive video gaming may be a beneficial adjunct to usual care in stroke rehabilitation. "This latest update adds 35 more studies to the evidence base, almost doubling the previously included number of studies. Clinicians who currently have access to virtual reality programs should be reassured that their use as part of a comprehensive rehabilitation program appears reasonable, taking into account the patient's goals, abilities, and preferences".

Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2017; Issue 11: CD008349 


Patient decision aids in orthopaedics

Research indicates that using decision aids significantly enhances patient participation in their care, improves patient knowledge, and results in realistic expectations of treatment. A new quality improvement study investigated the implementation of four orthopaedic decision aids. Each contained a DVD program and booklet that covered the main surgical and non-surgical treatment options for hip and knee osteoarthritis, spinal stenosis and herniated disc. Using the electronic medical record for automated ordering of decision aids, involving clinical champions and engaging the entire care team were essential components for success.

Source: BMJ Quality & Safety 2017; online first: 24 November

Further reading
Connected: Improving the patient-physician relationship - and health care itself
This white paper discusses the value and impact of patient-doctor communication in health care, provides recommendations for health care team communication with patients, and addresses barriers to optimal patient experience.
Source: The Beryl Institute 2017


HIV – new research

Thoracic surgery in patients with AIDS
Advances in combination antiretroviral therapy has decreased mortality for patients with HIV. However, "despite good viral control, patients with HIV may present with solid organ cancers earlier than noninfected patients and are also prone to other complications of their disease that may require the attention of a thoracic surgeon".
Source: Thoracic Surgery Clinics 2017; 28(1): 105-108

Structural intervention in HIV prevention: a taxonomy and descriptive systematic review
This paper provides a classification of "structural interventions" for HIV prevention including: access, mass media, capacity building, and community mobilisation.
Source: AIDS and Behavior 2017; online first 20 November

Canadian guideline on HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis and nonoccupational postexposure prophylaxis
"Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and nonoccupational postexposure prophylaxis (nPEP) are two important strategies for preventing HIV that should be considered standard of care and implemented as components of a comprehensive response to the epidemic".
Source: CMAJ 2017; 189:47


Did you know? New MeSH

471 new Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) are now available for searching in MEDLINE. These new headings often reflect how the language associated with healthcare research changes through social, cultural and political influences. For example:

Consumer Health Informatics
Gender-Based Violence
Healthy Aging
Marijuana Use 
Mental Health Recovery
Night Eating Syndrome
Obesity Management
Occupational Stress 
Proof of Concept Study  
Refugee Camps
Smoking Devices
Smoking Reduction
Wearable Electronic Devices
Virtual Reality

Library Christmas hours

Over the Christmas season the Library will not be staffed from Thursday 21 December - Monday 1 January inclusive.
The Library team wish everyone a Merry Christmas and a safe and happy New Year.

Merry Christmas

Austin Health Research Online - recent submissions

Factors influencing the activation of the rapid response system for clinically deteriorating patients by frontline ward clinicians: a systematic review
Chua WL, See MTA, Legio-Quigley H, et al. International Journal for Quality in Health Care 2017; 21:1-18

Theranostics of neuroendocrine tumors
Lee ST, Kulkarni HR, Singh A, et al. Visceral Medicine 2017; 33(5): 358-366

Psychosis and clinical cutcomes in Alzheimer disease: a longitudinal study
Connors MH, Ames D, Woodward MM, et al. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry 2017; online first: 20 October

Anesthesia and sleep apnea
Tamisier R, Fabre F, O'Donoghue FJ, et al. Sleep Medicine Reviews 2017; online first: 22 November

An even distribution of protein intake daily promotes protein adequacy but does not influence nutritional status in institutionalized elderly
Tieland M, Beelen J, Laan ACM, et al. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association 2017; online first: 22 November

See more at AHRO, Austin Health Research Online


New books on display

Effective data visualization : the right chart for the right data / Stephanie D.H. Evergreen – Sage, 2017.
This step by step guide for researchers assists with visually communicating data and research findings. Each chapter contains learning objectives and practice exercises.

Manual of clinical oncology / edited by Bartosz Chmielowski and Mary Territo – 8th ed. Wolters Kluwer, 2017.
Completely revised and updated, this guide covers new developments and advances in oncology including: the biology of cancer; immunotherapy; and cancer survivorship.

Pain in dementia / edited by Stefan Lautenbacher and Stephen J. Gibson – Wolters Kluwer, 2017.
This book addresses the difficulties associated with the diagnosis of pain in patients with dementia. In addition it describes pain in other types of cognitive impairment, assessment of mood symptoms, and provides multidisiplinary treatment options.


Journals Spotlight

These links provide access to the current table of contents:

American Journal of Infection Control

American Journal of Surgical Pathology

Annals of Surgery

Australian Occupational Therapy Journal

Diabetes Care

European Journal of Anaesthesiology


Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery. American Volume

New England Journal of Medicine


Looking for the latest journal issues?
All our journal titles with electronic access are available via the Journal List
(outside the Austin Health network use your Library barcode no. & Password for access)

If you require an article from a journal that is not in the Journal List, please use our online document delivery form.


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The Austin Health Sciences Library accepts no liability for the information or advice provided by external links. Links are provided on the basis that readers make their own decisions about the accuracy, currency and reliability of the information contained therein. Any opinions expressed are not necessarily those of Austin Health.