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"What you do makes a difference, and you have to decide what kind of difference you want to make."
Jane Goodall


Merry Christmas from BMJ: a study of Santa Claus

"It has long been thought that Santa Claus gives presents to nice but not naughty children. This is the first study, to our knowledge, to dispel the myth that Santa visits children based on behaviour and suggests socioeconomic deprivation plays a greater role in determining a visit. It raises important ethical dilemmas, such as whether children should be told and what should be done about Santa."

Source: BMJ 2016; 355: i6355


Choosing Wisely in Australia: contradicting views

"While Australians understand the importance of reducing unnecessary medical testing, many people still want their doctors to conduct all the available tests related to their condition regardless of need, according to a new report from Choosing Wisely Australia®"

Source: Choosing Wisely in Australia, 2016 Report


Violence in the Emergency Department

"Violence is common in the emergency department (ED). The ED setting has numerous environmental risk factors for violence, including poor staffing, lack of privacy, overcrowding, and ready availability of nonsecured equipment that can be used as weapons. Strategies can be taken to mitigate the risk of violence toward health care workers, including staff training, changes to the ED layout, appropriate use of security, and policy-level changes."

Source: Psychiatric Clinics of North America 2016; 39(4): 557-566
Link to full text is available with ClinicalKey remote access when you are offsite


Low health literacy - medication information

Poor levels of health literacy are a known barrier to accurately using medications. Populations with low health literacy are at higher risk of misinterpreting medication information including label instructions, dosage and duration advice, or other written material. This systematic review found the most effective interventions included "aids that enforce written information, information that is personalised, information that is easy to navigate, and tools that can be accessed when needed".

Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy 2016; 12(6): 830-864
Full text available for Austin & MHW Heidelberg staff via document delivery


Error prevention – improving team communication

"Communication is implicated in two-thirds of medical errors and accounts for a significant proportion of nurse and clinician time...We conclude from this study of intra-institution variation in communication processes that nurse-carried mobile devices may improve nursing workflow and reliability of clinician responses over traditional unit-based phones. As such, mobile devices are one potential component of a comprehensive solution for improving communication among inpatient care teams."

Source: BMJ Quality & Safety 2017; 26: 30-32


Pitfalls in point-of-care ultrasound

In emergency settings point-of-care ultrasonography (POCUS) is a widely used tool to assist with decision-making and interventional guidance. This article provides a revision list of common POCUS misdiagnoses in cardiac, lung, abdominal, and vascular ultrasound and offers useful tips to recognise and avoid them.

Source: Critical Ultrasound Journal 2016; 8: 15


naughty or NICE

The UK's National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) has published the following new (or revised) guidelines and quality standards:


Library hours over Christmas

Over the Christmas season the Library will not be staffed from Thursday 22 December – Monday 2 January inclusive.
The Library team wish everyone a Merry Christmas and a safe and happy New Year.


Austin Health Research Online - recent submissions

Variables associated with administration of analgesia, nurse-initiated analgesia and early analgesia in the emergency department
Taylor DM, Chen J, Khan M, et al. Emergency Medicine Journal 2017; 34(1): 13-19

Regulation of colorectal cancer cell epithelial to mesenchymal transition by the renin angiotensin system
Nguyen L, Ager EI, Neo JH, et al. Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 2016; 31(10): 1773-1782

Volume-outcome relationship in penile cancer treatment: a population based patterns of care and outcomes study from Australia
Patel MI, Yuminaga Y, Bang A, et al. BJU International 2016; 118(S3): 35-42

Crying, oral contraceptive use and the menstrual cycle
Romans SE, Clarkson RF, Einstein G, et al. Journal of Affective Disorders 2017; 208: 272-277
Link to full text is available with ClinicalKey remote access when you are offsite

Relative motion orthoses in the management of various hand conditions: A scoping review
Hirth MJ, Howell JW, O'Brien L. Journal of Hand Therapy 2016; 29(4): 405-432
Link to full text is available with ClinicalKey remote access when you are offsite

See more at AHRO, Austin Health Research Online


Journal spotlight

These links provide access to the current table of contents:

American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine

Annals of Emergency Medicine

Annals of Surgery



Clinical Nutrition

Drug and Alcohol Dependence

Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine


The New England Journal of Medicine

Looking for the latest journal issues?
Our A-Z journal list has changed its appearance and search function but the content remains the same. All our journal titles with electronic access are available via the Journal List (outside the Austin Health network use your Library barcode no. & PIN for access)

If you require an article from a journal that is not in the Journal List, please use our online document delivery form.


BrowZine provides instant access to Austin Library journals on your favourite device.
Sign up now & start using BrowZine - all you need is the free app and a Library card! 




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The Austin Health Sciences Library accepts no liability for the information or advice provided by external links. Links are provided on the basis that readers make their own decisions about the accuracy, currency and reliability of the information contained therein. Any opinions expressed are not necessarily those of Austin Health.