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"Alone we can do so little; together we can do so much."
Helen Keller


Mental Health Week – what’s new in the literature?

Psychological therapies for children and adolescents exposed to trauma
Children and adolescents who have experienced trauma are at increased risk of developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or other negative mental health outcomes. A new Cochrane Review has investigated "the effects of psychological therapies in preventing PTSD and associated negative emotional, behavioural and mental health outcomes in children and adolescents who have undergone a traumatic event." The evidence presented suggests that children and adolescents receiving psychological therapies were less likely to be diagnosed with PTSD than those who received no treatment.
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2016; 10: CD012371

A slice of the suicidal brain: what have postmortem molecular studies taught us?
According to the World Health Organisation, more than 800,000 people die by completing suicide and it is the second leading cause of death among 15-29 year olds worldwide. Recent research has studied genomic factors to identify biological processes underlying suicidal behaviour. Genomic processes can be investigated directly via postmortem studies and this review discusses the "postmortem literature investigating functional genomic studies of suicide, particularly focusing on epigenetic mechanisms."
Source: Current Psychiatry Reports 2016; 18(11): 98

Emergency department screening for suicide and mental health risk
This review from the US, examines the role emergency departments can provide to screen and identify adolescents and young adults with suicide and mental health risk. The authors suggest ED screening in combination with effective follow-up may provide a strategy for improved mental health in this cohort.
Source: Current Psychiatry Reports 2016; 18(11):100.

Epidemiology of childhood and adult mental illness
"The global burden of adult neuropsychiatric illness and childhood mental disorders is enormous, accounting for a significant burden of disability in adults and a major factor of overall health that continues throughout the lifespan of children and into adulthood."
Source: Neurologic Clinics 2016; 34(4):1023-1033

A mixed-methods systematic review of the effects of mindfulness on nurses
Work-related stress is a major health problem among nurses. This paper reviews the effects of mindfulness interventions on both nursing students and registered nurses. The authors conclude "mindfulness appeared to significantly improve nurses' mental health".
Source: Journal of Advanced Nursing 2016; online first: Oct 5


Cardiovascular disease in women

A new Australian report outlines the burden and impact of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in women. In 2016 69,000 Australian women will have their first hospital admissions with coronary artery disease, heart failure, atrial fibrillation, stroke, or peripheral artery disease. An additional minimum of 120,000 women are hospitalised due to stroke and peripheral artery disease each year and the estimated cost of hospital care for the most common forms of CVD in Australian women is more than $3 billion. The report's recommendations include: creating national awareness campaigns; commencing definitive studies of cardiovascular risk and disease; updating expert guidelines to specifically address the management of CVD in women; and the need for CVD prevention programs.

Source: Mary MacKillop Institute for Health Research 2016


Antibiotic use in caesareans

Women undergoing nonelective caesarean delivery are at risk of postoperative infection. A trial conducted in 14 US hospitals found "extended-spectrum prophylaxis with adjunctive azithromycin was more effective than placebo in reducing the risk of postoperative infection."

Source: New England Journal of Medicine 2016; 375: 1231-1241

Further reading:
Antibiotic Prophylaxis for Cesarean Delivery - When Broader Is Better
Source: New England Journal of Medicine 2016; 375: 1284-1286


Stepping up to improve care

A new module from the AMA's STEPS ForwardTM collection of practice improvement strategies offers steps that can help physicians implement Choosing Wisely into their practice. "When both physicians and patients understand how to make wise treatment decisions-such as choosing care that is supported by evidence, is not duplicative, has the lowest possible risk for harm, and is truly necessary-patient care and physician satisfaction will improve."

Source: American Medical Association 2016


Ovid full text links – temporary IT issue

We are currently experiencing an issue accessing full text when running searches using the Ovid databases. Austin IT department are aware of this and are working to resolve this issue. Until it is resolved, the full text can be obtained by either opening the individual record from your search results and selecting the full text link available on the right hand side, or searching in our Journal List. Please contact the library for any further assistance.


Austin Health Research Online - recent submissions

Dietary advanced glycation end-products aggravate non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
Leung C, Herath CB, Jia Z, et al. World Journal of Gastroenterology 2016; 22(35): 8026-8040

Optimising outcomes in pediatric renal transplantation through the Australian paired kidney exchange program
Sypek MP, Alexander SI, Cantwell L, et al. American Journal of Transplantation 2016; online first: 6 September

Cytoreductive surgery for men with metastatic prostate cancer
Katelaris N, Murphy D, Lawrentschuk N, et al. Prostate International 2016; 4(3): 103-106

The conceptualisation of health-related quality of life in decision-making by intensive care physicians: a qualitative inquiry
Haines KJ, Remedios L, Berney SC, et al. Australian Critical Care 2016; online first: 29 August
Full text available for Austin & MHW Heidelberg staff via document delivery

Care or recovery? Redefining residential rehabilitation

Saraf S, Newton R. Australasian Psychiatry 2016; online first: 27 September
Full text available for Austin & MHW Heidelberg staff via document delivery

See more at AHRO, Austin Health Research Online


eBooks spotlight

Clinical ethics : a practical approach to ethical decisions in clinical medicine / Albert R. Jonsen, Mark Siegler, William J. Winslade - 8th ed., McGraw Hill, 2015.
Helps you gain a better understanding of the complexities involved in ethical cases and demonstrates, with case examples how to reach a resolution to ethical problems.

Neurology secrets / edited by Joseph S. Kass, Eli M. Mizrahi - 6th ed., Elsevier, 2017.
Covers the most important topics in neurology and serves as a comprehensive introduction to medical students and nurse practitioners as well as a reference tools for those working in the area.


Journals spotlight

Looking for the latest journal issues?
These links provide access to the current table of contents:

Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry

British Journal of Midwifery

The Clinical Journal of Pain

European Journal of Anaesthesiology

International Journal of Health Governance

JAMA Psychiatry

Journal of Rheumatology


Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery

Southern Medical Journal

All our journal titles with electronic access are available via the Journal List
(outside the Austin Health network use your Library barcode no. & PIN for access)

If you require an article from a journal that is not in the Journal List, please use our online document delivery form.


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The Austin Health Sciences Library accepts no liability for the information or advice provided by external links. Links are provided on the basis that readers make their own decisions about the accuracy, currency and reliability of the information contained therein. Any opinions expressed are not necessarily those of Austin Health.