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"War, by producing so many and such appalling casualties, and by creating such widespread conditions in which disease can flourish, confronted the medical profession with an enormous challenge - and the doctors of the world rose to the challenge"

Brian J Ford

 

Fall rates in hospital rehabilitation

"Falls are the most frequent adverse events that are reported in hospitals". Eight rehabilitation units in general hospitals within Australia participated in this study, which examined the effectiveness of falls-prevention education for patients, delivered as a ward-level program, supported by training and feedback for staff.

Source: Lancet, 9 April 2015, Articles in Press
(to access article follow the above link then browse Articles in Press)

 

Depression, diabetes mellitus & risk for dementia

The author's objective was to examine the risk "for all-cause dementia among persons with depression, type 2 diabetes mellitus, or both compared with persons with neither exposure."

Source: JAMA psychiatry, 15 April 2015: Online first

 

Cranberry pills post gynaecological surgery

A randomised, double-blind study of 160 women found that those given cranberry extract capsules post-op were significantly less likely (19%) to develop a urinary tract infection compared to those taking a placebo (38%).

Source: American journal of obstetrics and gynecology, 13 April 2015, Articles in Press
(to access article follow the above link then browse Articles in Press)

Library Cranberries
 

Public disclosure of interventional clinical trial results - WHO

The World Health Organization has published a new statement on the public disclosure of clinical trial results. The statement reaffirms the ethical imperatives of clinical trial results reporting. It provides timeframes, calls for results-reporting of older still unpublished trials and outlines steps to improve linkages between clinical trial registry entries and their published results.

Source: PLoS Medicine: 12(4) April 2015

 

Psychosis and schizophrenia in adults

This standard covers the treatment and management of psychosis and schizophrenia in adults with onset before the age of 60 years. It covers both hospital and community settings.

Source: NICE quality standard [QS80] 2015

 

Understanding excess body weight

This New Zealand report explores the increase in obesity over a 36 year period to 2013 and investigates the impact of obesity on different birth cohorts.

Source: Understanding excess body weight: New Zealand health survey / NZ Ministry of Health, April 2015

 

Medical innovation in WW1

First blood bank - WW1 Western Front
A US Army doctor, Captain Oswald Robertson, realised the need to stockpile blood before casualties arrived. He established the first blood bank on the Western Front in 1917, using sodium citrate to prevent the blood from coagulating and becoming unusable. Blood was kept on ice for up to 28 days and then transported to casualty clearing stations for use in life-saving surgery where it was needed most.

Fractured femur survival rate
Innovations developed in the First World War had a massive impact on survival rates – such as the Thomas splint, named after pioneering Welsh surgeon Hugh Owen Thomas, which secured a broken leg. At the beginning of the war 80% of all soldiers with a broken femur died. By 1916, 80% of soldiers with this injury survived.

Source: How did WW1 change the way we treat war injuries today? BBC iWonder, 2015

Poppy
 

eBooks spotlight

Bone cancer : primary bone cancers and bone metastases / edited by Dominique Heymann. Second edition, 2015.
This book provides the most recent data on bone cancer development (cellular and molecular mechanisms), genomic and proteomic analyses, clinical analyses (histopathology, imaging, pain monitoring) as well as new therapeutic approaches and clinical trials for primary bone tumours and bone metastases. 

Kryger's sleep medicine review : a problem-oriented approach / Meir H. Kryger, Russell Rosenberg, Lawrence Martin, Douglas Kirsch. Second edition, 2015.
Completely updated and reorganized to reflect the most recent Sleep Medicine board examination, the ICSD-3, and the revision to the AASM Scoring Manual, this review tool contains an assessment of the most current standards, techniques for applying the new scoring rules and cutting-edge information to help you prepare for the test and for clinical practice.

 

New books on display

Improvisation : methods and techniques for music therapy clinicians, educators, and students / Tony Wigram. Jessica Kingsley, 2004

Supervision in social work / Alfred Kadushin, Daniel Harkness. Columbia University Press, c2002

 

Journals spotlight

These links provide access to the the current issue.

Annals of emergency medicine
Breast
British journal of occupational therapy
Clinical rehabilitation
Evidence-based nursing
Gut
Infection control and hospital epidemiology
Journal of clinical pathology
Journal of emergency nursing
Journal of medical ethics
Journal of urology
Topics in stroke rehabilitation

Looking for the latest journal issues?
All our journal titles with electronic access are available via the A-Z Journal List
(outside the Austin Health network use your Library barcode no. & PIN for access)

If you require an article from a journal that is not on the A-Z Journal List, please use our online document delivery form.

Journals received in print-only format this week:

Nature Vol. 520, no. 7545, 2 April 2015

 

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